Content of the Week

This page will be updated weekly, bringing to the front information relating to crowd safety; video, news articles or research, that could get lost in the news updates.

 

Crowd Psychology

To participate in crowd management, a basic understanding of crowds is required. This is not just the maths and physics of crowd movement and density; this is only half the story. How a crowd thinks, bond, understand and interact is the other half. By ignoring this part of understanding crowds can lead to failures and in some cases death.

Let us introduce you to some resources to peak your interest and hopefully lead you to explore this fascinating area. This is only the tip of the iceberg.

 

 

The power of the crowd | John Drury | TEDxSussexUniversity

Published on Sep 12, 2014

Crowd Psychology and Mass Gathering – Dr. John Drury, University of Sussex

Published on Apr 27, 2016

 

The Social Psychology of Crowds

Published on Nov 3, 2017

Clifford Stott Guest Lecture

Published on May 26, 2015

Prof. Steve Reicher lecture

Published on Mar 1, 2012

 

Collective Emotions / Session 3: Mass gatherings: emergence, dynamics and social control (Part 1)

Published on May 20, 2016

Collective Emotions / Session 3: Mass gatherings: emergence, dynamics and social control (Part 2)

Published on May 20, 2016

 

Collective Emotions / Session 4: The social psychology of social emotions

Published on May 20, 2016

 

Were to look

 

don’t panic! correcting myths about the crowd

I am a social psychologist who specialises in the study of crowd behaviour. I am interested in all situations when people come together in a crowd, either to protest, go to a sports match or festival, or if they get caught up in a mass emergency. I set this blog up to redress what I saw was a negative bias in the Press against crowds in general. Hope you like it!

http://dontpaniccorrectingmythsaboutthecrowd.blogspot.co.uk

  • Cocking, C. (2011) Using VR technology in Teaching and Learning with 1st year Psychology Undergraduates. Investigations, 7 (1) 113-25.
  • Cocking, C. (2009, Spring). Fostering deep learning through workshops: A re-design of a first-year Psychology Module. Investigations, 5(2).
  • Cocking, C., & Drury, J. (2008). The mass psychology of disasters and emergency evacuations: A research report and implications for the Fire and Rescue Service. Fire Safety, Technology and Management, 10(2), 13-19.
  • Cocking, C., & Drury, J. (2004) Generalization of efficacy as a function of collective action and intergroup relations: Involvement in an anti-roads struggle. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34(2), 417-444.
  • Cocking, C., Drury, J., & Reicher, S. (2009). The psychology of crowd behaviour in fires: Implications for the emergency services. Irish Journal of Psychology, 30(1), 59-72.
  • Drury, J., Cocking, C., Beale, J., Hanson, C., & Rapley, F. (2005). The phenomenology of empowerment in collective action. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 309-328.
  • Drury, J., Cocking, C., & Reicher, S. (2009). Every one for themselves? Understanding how crowd solidarity can arise in an emergency: An interview study of disaster survivors. British Journal of Social Psychology, 48.
  • Drury, J., Cocking, C., & Reicher, S. (2009). The nature of collective “resilience”: Survivor reactions to the July 7th (2005) London bombings. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 27(1), 66-95.
  • Drury, J., Cocking, C., Reicher, S., Burton, A., Schofield, D., Hardwick, A., Graham, D., & Langston, P. (2009). Co-operation versus competition in a mass emergency evacuation: A new laboratory simulation and a new theoretical model. Behavior Research Methods, 41(3), 957-970.

 

the crowd

Brighton, University of Sussex, United KingdomI am a Social Psychologist at the University of Sussex. My research is on the crowd. Crowd events are a locus of both psychological determination and transformation. My research examines how social identities both shape participants’ actions but also change their sense of self, with important psychological and political consequences. I am also studying mass emergency behaviour, in order to develop a model of collective resilience – for example by exploring experiences of crowd solidarity behaviour in the London bombings of 2005. With David Novelli and Steve Reicher, I have been examining the way that one’s ‘tolerance’ for social density and ‘personal space’ varies in relation to whichever of one’s social identities is salient in relation to the identities of others present. Crowds are routinely pathologized and/or criminalized. Such constructions have important implications for policy and practice. In my research, I have sought to problematize such accounts and hence suggest a language for the crowd that recognizes and indeed celebrates its positive potential in the social world.

http://drury-sussex-the-crowd.blogspot.co.uk

School of Psychology

Crowds and Identities: John Drury’s Research Group

http://www.sussex.ac.uk/psychology/crowdsidentities/

The Psychology of Crowd Dynamics

Stephen Reicher
School of Psychology University of St. Andrews

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.592.7983&rep=rep1&type=pdf

 

DR CLIFFORD STOTT

http://enable-research.org/clifford-stott/

Journal Articles:

  • Reicher, S., Stott, C., Drury, J., Adang, O., Cronin, P., & Livingstone, A. (2007). Knowledge-based public order policing: Principles and practice. Policing, 1, 403-415.
  • Stott, C. J., Adang, O. M., Livingstone, A., & Schreiber, M. (2008). Tackling football hooliganism: A quantitative study of public order, policing and crowd psychology. Psychology Public Policy and Law, 14(2), 115-141.
  • Stott, C. J., Adang, O. M., Livingstone, A., & Schreiber, M. (2007). Variability in the collective behaviour of England fans at Euro2004: Public order policing, social identity, intergroup dynamics and social change. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 75-100.
  • Stott, C. J., & Drury, J. (2004). The importance of social structure and social interaction in stereotype consensus and content: Is the whole greater than the sum of its parts? European Journal of Social Psychology, 34, 11-23.
  • Stott, C. J., & Drury, J. (2000). Crowds, context and identity: Dynamic categorization processes in the “poll tax riot.” Human Relations, 53, 247-273.
  • Stott, C. J., Hutchison, P., & Drury, J. (2001). “Hooligans” abroad? Inter-group dynamics, social identity and participation in collective “disorder” at the 1998 World Cup finals. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 359-384.
  • Stott, C. J., & Reicher, S. D. (1998). Crowd action as inter-group process: Introducing the police perspective. European Journal of Social Psychology, 28, 509-529.
  • Stott, C. J., & Reicher, S. D. (1998). How conflict escalates: The inter-group dynamics of collective football crowd “violence.” Sociology, 32, 353-377.
  • Stott, C., Livingstone, A., & Hoggett, J. (2008). Policing football crowds in England and Wales: A model of “good practice”? Policing and Society, 18, 258-281.
  • Stott, C., & Pearson, G. (2006). Football banning orders proportionality and public order policing. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 45, 241-254.

Stephen David Reicher

https://risweb.st-andrews.ac.uk/portal/en/persons/stephen-david-reicher(a0a908db-1bb8-4d5e-ab30-f47643e35169).html

Stephen Reicher is a Professor in the School of Psychology & Neuroscience at the University of St Andrews. His research interests focus on the issues of group behaviour and the individual-social relationship. More specifically, his recent research can be grouped into three areas. The first is an attempt to develop a model of crowd action that accounts for both social determination and social change. The second concerns the construction of social categories through language and action. The third concerns political rhetoric and mass mobilisation – especially around the issue of national identity. Currently, Professor Reicher is starting work on a Leverhulme funded project (jointly with Nick Hopkins of Lancaster University) looking at the impact of devolution on Scottish identity and social action in Scotland.