Crowd disasters by year

Germany Love Parade Deaths

The following has been gathered from secondary websites, news and presentations.

Some of the terminology contained in the headings and body of these links is misleading. These have been taken from press articles, websites and videos. The use of the word stampede and panic is not what you will find to be the causes of the incidents shown. The information provided is reflecting the articles written and it is being left to you to interoperate what you see and read and come to your own conclusions.

2015

17 People Killed In Karaoke Club Fire

Seventeen people have been killed and 71 injured after a fire ripped through a crowded karaoke club in Indonesia. Witnesses told authorities the fire started at around 1am on the second floor of the three-storey building on Indonesia’s Sulawesi island.

Mina, Mecca  – Crowd Crush

On 24 September 2015, a crowd collapse caused the deaths of at least 2,277 who were suffocated or crushed during the annual Hajj pilgrimage in Mina, Mecca. The Mina crush now stands as the deadliest Hajj disaster in history,

30 June Stadium

On February 8, 2015: 28 people died after a crowd crush that occurred at a football game in Cairo, Egypt. Report suggest that this was caused through police interaction and use of tear gas.

2014

China  – Shanghai New Year’s Eve crush

New Year celebrations in Shanghai ended in tragedy  after 36 people were crushed to death and 47 injured in what has become the city’s worst disaster in recent years

South Korea 4Minute concert

16 people have been killed and 11 injured in an accident at a pop concert in Seongnam, south of Seoul in South Korea, officials say.

Multan crowd crush

On October 10, 2014,  occurred in Multan, Pakistan. A Political Party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf faced the crushduring a public rally. It caused the deaths of more than half a dozen people.

Patna crowd crush

2014 Patna crowd crush occurred on 3 October 2014 on the occasion of Dassehra festival at Gandhi Maidan inPatna, Bihar

Stade Tata Raphaël disaster

The 2014 Stade Tata Raphaël disaster refers to a crowd crush that occurred in Kinshasa at the Stade Tata Raphaël on 11 May 2014. During the match between Congolese football clubs TP Mazembe and Vita Club, missiles were thrown on to the pitch and the referee chose to delay play.

China Mosque

14 killed in crush at China Mosque

Mumbai crowd crush

In Mumbai on 18 January 2014 near the Malabar Hill residence of Dawoodi Bohraspiritual leader Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, who had died on 17 January 2014.

2013

Madhya Pradesh

On 13 October 2013, during the Hindu festival of Navratri, a crowd crush on a bridge near the Ratangarh Mata Temple in Datia district,Madhya Pradesh, India, killing 115 people and injuring more than 110.

Kumbh Mela stampede

On 10 February 2013, during the Hindu festival Kumbh Mela, a stampede broke out at the train station in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, killing 36 people and injuring at least 39.

Kiss nightclub fire

The Kiss nightclub fire started between 2:00 and 2:30  on 27 January 2013 in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, killing at least 242 people and injuring at least 168 others

Houphouët-Boigny stampede

The 2013 Houphouët-Boigny stampede occurred as crowds departed a New Year’s Eve fireworks display in the early hours of 1 January 2013 near the Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in AbidjanIvory Coast.

2012

Satsanga Deoghar disaster

On 24 September 2012, twelve people died and fifty people were injured by careless management by Satsang committee in DeogharJharkhand. 

Port Said Stadium riot

On 1 February 2012, a massive riot occurred at Port Said Stadium in Port Said, Egypt, following an Egyptian premier league football match between Al-Masry and Al Ahly clubs.

121105-ThrillerMusicParkThriller Music Park, Madrid

A Madrid Halloween party headlined by Steve Aoki ended in tragedy last night when three young women died of injuries sustained in the middle of a crowd crush

2011

Sabarimala

The 2011 Sabarimala a crowd crush on 14 January 2011, Makara Jyothi Day at Sabarimala in KeralaIndia. It broke out during an annual pilgrimage, killing 106 pilgrims and injuring about 100 more

2010

Phnom Penh

The Phnom Penh crowd crush occurred on 22 November 2010 when 347 people were killed and another 755 were injured during the Khmer Water Festival celebrations in the Cambodian capital, Phnom Penh

Love Parade disasterGermany Love Parade Deaths

On 24 July 2010, a crowd disaster at the 2010 Love Parade electronic dance music festival in Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, caused the death of 21 people from suffocation. At least 510 more were injured

Pratapgarh janki temple

The Pratapgarh stampede was an incident that occurred on 4 March 2010, at Ram Janki temple in Kunda, Uttar Pradesh,India, that killed at least 63 people and seriously injured over 100 more

2009

Houphouët-Boigny stampede

The 2009 Houphouët-Boigny stampede occurred on 29 March 2009 in the Stade Félix Houphouët-Boigny in AbidjanCôte d’Ivoire before a 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification match between Malawi and Côte d’Ivoire.

Lame Horse fire

The Lame Horse fire occurred on December 5, 2009, around 1 a.m. local time in the nightclub Khromaya Loshad

Santika Club fire

The Santika Club fire occurred on Thursday 1 January 2009, in the Santika Club nightclub in Watthana, Bangkok, Thailand,

2008

Jodhpur temple

A human stampede occurred on September 30, 2008, at the Chamunda Devi temple in JodhpurRajasthanIndia, in which 249 people were killed and more than 400 injured

Naina Devi

A human crowd crush at the Hindu temple of Naina Devi occurred on 3 August 2008 in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. 162 people died when they were crushed, trampled, or forced over the side of a ravine by the movement of a large panicking crowd

Divine nightclub

Mexico City’s mayor has accused police of making serious errors during a raid at a packed nightclub which led to the deaths of 12 people in a stampede.

Wuwang Club fire

The fire began when a stage fireworks gun misfired and crowds exited into one badly-lit exit.

2006

PhilSports Stadium

The Wowowee crowd crush occurred at the PhilSports Stadium in Pasig CityMetro Manila in the Philippines on February 4, 2006. It killed 73 people and injured about 400

Crowd Crush during the ritual ramy al-jamarāt

At least 345 Muslim pilgrims have died in a crush during the stone-throwing ritual at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia,

Additional paper -The Dynamics of Crowd Disasters: An Empirical Study

Jamarat area as it is today

2005

Al-Aaimmah bridge

The 2005 Al-Aaimmah bridge crowd crush occurred on August 31, 2005 when 953 people died following a crush on Al-Aaimmah bridge, which crosses the Tigris river in the Iraqi capital of Baghdad.

Mandher Devi temple

Mandher Devi temple crowd crush  occurred in 2005 at Mandher Devi temple near Wai in Satara district in Indian state of Maharashtra. More than 300 pilgrims died

2004

Stoning ritual in Mina

Crowd crush occurred at a stone-throwing ritual that has been the source of deadly tramplings in the past.

2003

The Station nightclub fire

The Station Nightclub fire was the fourth-deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history, killing 100 people. The fire began at 11:07 PM EST, on Thursday, February 20, 2003

E2 nightclub

The E2 nightclub crowd crush occurred on February 17, 2003, at the E2 nightclub located above the Epitome Chicago restaurant in Chicago, Illinois, in which 21 people died and more than 50 were injured when panic ensued from the use of pepper spray by security guards to break up a fight.

2001

Akashi pedestrian bridge accident

The Akashi pedestrian bridge accident occurred on 21 July 2001 in Akashi, Hyōgo, Japan. In the incident, a large crowd of people packed into a partially enclosed pedestrian overpass leading to Asagiri Station after a fireworks show. The resulting crush killed 11 people

Accra Sports Stadium disaster

The Accra Sports Stadium disaster occurred at the Accra Sports StadiumAccraGhana on May 9, 2001. It took the lives of 127 people, making it the worst stadium disaster to have ever taken place in Africa

Ellis Park Stadium disaster

The Ellis Park Stadium disaster was the worst sporting accident in South African history. On 11 April 2001, spectators poured into the Ellis Park Stadium in the city of JohannesburgGauteng,South Africa, for the local Soweto derby association football match between Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates.

2000

Roskilde Festival

During Pearl Jam’s concert at the Orange Stage in 2000, a crush occurred. Nine people died, and twenty-six people were injured, three of them seriously.

Throb Nightclub disaster

Thirteen children were killed and 44 injured after a teargas canister was thrown into a crowded disco in Durban, South Africa, yesterday, causing a crowd crush.

Luoyang Christmas fire

A major fire occurred in Luoyang, in China’s Henan Province, on December 25, 2000.

1988

Kathmandu stadium disaster

The Kathmandu Stadium Disaster occurred on 12 March 1988 in Kathmandu, Nepal during an association football match between Janakpur Cigarette Factory Ltd and Liberation Army of Bangladesh for the 1988 Tribhuvan Challenge Shield

1994

JIDDA, Saudi Arabia

A total of 270 pilgrims died  during this week’s symbolic “stoning the devil” ritual

1990

Happy Land fire

The Happy Land fire was an arson fire that killed 87 people trapped in an unlicensed social club named “Happy Land”, at 1959 Southern Boulevardin the West Farms section of the Bronx in New York City on March 25, 1990

Al-Ma’aisim tunnel

About 1,400 Muslim pilgrims suffocated or were trampled to death in a pedestrian tunnel leading to the sacred city of Mecca

1992

Lan Kwai Fong  disaster

Twenty people died and 71 were injured when new year celebrations in Hong Kong

1989

downloadHillsborough disaster

The Hillsborough disaster was an incident that occurred on 15 April 1989 at the Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, during the FA Cup semi-final match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest football clubs.

1985

Heysel Stadium disaster

The Heysel Stadium disaster  occurred on 29 May 1985 when escaping fans were pressed against a wall in the Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium,

Bradford City fire

The Bradford City stadium fire was the worst fire disaster in the history of English football. It occurred during a league match in front of record numbers of spectators, on Saturday, 11 May 1985, killing 56 and injuring at least 265.

1982

Luzhniki disaster

The Luzhniki disaster was a deadly human crush that took place at the Grand Sports Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium

1979

The Who concert tragedy

On December 3, 1979, eleven teenagers and young adults were killed by compressive asphyxia and 26 other persons were injured in a rush for seating at the opening of a sold-out rock concert

1971

Ibrox disaster

The 1971 Ibrox disaster was a crush among the crowd at an Old Firm football game, which led to 66 deaths and over 200 injuries. It happened on 2 January 1971 in an exit stairway at Ibrox Park (now Ibrox Stadium) in GlasgowScotland

1968

Puerta 12 tragedy

On June 23, 1968, in El Monumental after a match between the two teams 71 fans were killed in a crush at gate 12 and 150 fans injured.

1964

National Stadium

Lima, Peru. 318 people are killed and another 500 injured in riots at National Stadium after Argentina beats Peru in an Olympic qualifying match

1955

Le Mans disaster ( warning – graphic video attached )

The 1955 Le Mans disaster occurred during the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race, when a crash caused large fragments of racing car debris to fly into the crowd. Eighty-three spectators and driver Pierre Levegh perished at the scene with 120 more injured in the most catastrophic accident in motorsport history.

1946

Burnden Park disaster

The Burnden Park Disaster was a human crush that occurred on 9 March 1946 at Burnden Park football stadium, the home of Bolton Wanderers. The crush resulted in the deaths of 33 people and injuries to hundreds of Bolton fans

1929

Glen cinema disaster

1903

Iroquois Theatre fire

The Iroquois Theatre fire occurred on December 30, 1903, in Chicago, Illinois. It is the deadliest theater fire and the deadliest single-building fire in United States history. At least 605 people died as a result of the fire but not all the deaths were reported, as some of the bodies were removed from the scene.

1902

Ibrox Glasgow

On 5 April 1902, during the 1902 British Home Championship match between Scotland and England, the back of the newly built West Tribune Stand collapsed due to heavy rainfall the previous night. Hundreds of supporters fell up to 40 feet (12 m) to the ground below. 25 people died and 517 were injured

1896

Khodynka Tragedy

Celebration of the Coronation of Czar Nicholas II Results in the Death of up to 3,000 peasants

1883

Victoria Hall, Sunderland

183 children – 114 boys and 69 girls – mostly between the ages of seven and ten but some as young as three died, while a further 100 were seriously injured.

1876

Brooklyn Theater Fire

The Brooklyn Theater Fire was a catastrophic theater fire that broke out on the evening of December 5, 1876 in the city ofBrooklyn, New York, United States