The following has been gathered from secondary websites, news and presentations.
Some of the terminology contained in the headings and body of these links is misleading. These have been taken from press articles, websites and videos. The use of the word stampede and panic is not what you will find to be the causes of the incidents shown. The information provided is reflecting the articles written and it is being left to you to interoperate what you see and read and come to your own conclusions. Please also not that this list only refers to gatherings involving events such as concerts, sports, night clubs (entertainment). There is only inclusion of some significant events out with this.
Ahead of the opening match of the new Angola football season while trying to enter the stadium before a match between Santa Rita de Cássia FC and Recreativo do Libolo. At least 61 people were injured. Five were in serious condition.
Officials in Honduras say thousands of soccer fans trying to force their way into a stadium for a championship match stampeded in panic when police fired tear gas, and at least four people and an unborn fetus were killed in the crush and 25 others were injured.
About 1,500 people were injured in the Italian city of Turin after a firecracker provoked a stampede, police say. Thousands of football fans were watching a live relay of Juventus’ Champions League final against Real Madrid in Cardiff when a bang was heard and rumours of an explosion spread.
At least eight people, seven of whom were children, were killed in a stampede in Malawi during the southern African country’s independence day celebrations at a stadium in the capital
Eight people have been killed during a Senegal football league final in Dakar in a stampede that broke out following clashes at the end of the match, the official APS news agency said.
Soweto Derby in Johannessburg, South Africa was marred by tragedy as two people were killed and 17 others injured as fans attempted to pour through gates at FNB Stadium.
28 football fans died on 8 February 2015 in a confrontation with the police at the gates of 30 June Stadium during a league match between two Cairo clubs, Zamalek and ENPPI. Most of the dead were suffocated when the crowd stampeded after police used tear gas to clear the fans trying to force their way into the stadium
Three people crushed to death as crowd tries to force its way into Chilean nightclub to watch British punk band called Doom
30 June – Stadium, Cairo
On February 8, 2015: 28 people died after a crowd crush that occurred at a football game in Cairo, Egypt. Report suggest that this was caused through police interaction and use of tear gas.
Follow the link to our dedicate resource on this incident.
New Year celebrations in Shanghai ended in tragedy after 36 people were crushed to death and 47 injured in what has become the city’s worst disaster in recent years
16 people have been killed and 11 injured in an accident at a pop concert in Seongnam, south of Seoul in South Korea, officials say.
On October 10, 2014, occurred in Multan, Pakistan. A Political Party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf faced the crushduring a public rally. It caused the deaths of more than half a dozen people.
2014 Patna crowd crush occurred on 3 October 2014 on the occasion of Dassehra festival at Gandhi Maidan inPatna, Bihar
The 2014 Stade Tata Raphaël disaster refers to a crowd crush that occurred in Kinshasa at the Stade Tata Raphaël on 11 May 2014. During the match between Congolese football clubs TP Mazembe and Vita Club, missiles were thrown on to the pitch and the referee chose to delay play.
14 people have been crushed to death in a stampede at a tribute festival for Congolese singer King Kester Emeneya.
14 killed in crush at China Mosque
On 13 October 2013, during the Hindu festival of Navratri, a crowd crush on a bridge near the Ratangarh Mata Temple in Datia district,Madhya Pradesh, India, killing 115 people and injuring more than 110.
The Kiss nightclub fire started between 2:00 and 2:30 on 27 January 2013 in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, killing at least 242 people and injuring at least 168 others
A Madrid Halloween party headlined by Steve Aoki ended in tragedy last night when three young women died of injuries sustained in the middle of a crowd crush ( a link to our dedicated page on this incident)
Three women have been killed in a stampede at a nightclub in the Hungarian capital, Budapest.
Police said the women had been caught in a crush after mass panic broke out among the thousands of people in the three-storey West Balkan club.
At least 30 people have been killed in a stampede at a stadium in the Malian capital of Bamako, officials say. Seventy others were injured in the incident, which occurred at the end of a sermon given by imam Osman Madani Haidara.
10th July – Felix Eboue stadium (no link)
Details to be obtained
Two football fans have been killed during a stampede at a match between Indonesia and Malaysia.
The teams were playing in the final of the South East Asian Games in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta.
4th March – Pratapgarh janki temple
On 24 July 2010, a crowd disaster at the 2010 Love Parade electronic dance music festival in Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, caused the death of 21 people from suffocation. At least 510 more were injured
Seven fans died from a stampede while trying to get into a football match between two of Kenya’s most popular teams, the Kenya Red Cross said on Saturday. Six people were killed when they were run over by the crowd outside Nyayo National Stadium, and one more died after being taken to Kenyatta National Hospital, said Red Cross spokesman Titus Mungo’u.
The 2009 Houphouët-Boigny stampede occurred on 29 March 2009 in the Stade Félix Houphouët-Boigny in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire before a 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification match between Malawi and Côte d’Ivoire.
At least 11 people have been killed in the Moroccan capital Rabat, following a stampede at a world music concert.Some 40 were injured when a wire fence collapsed at the Mawazine festival.
According to the Sydney Morning Herald, ten young people were trampled or crushed to death as hundreds of music fans tried to force their way out of a concert Saturday night (February 9) by the Indonesian melodic death metal band BESIDE in Bandung, Indonesia.
Mexico City’s mayor has accused police of making serious errors during a raid at a packed nightclub which led to the deaths of 12 people in a stampede.
A human crowd crush at the Hindu temple of Naina Devi occurred on 3 August 2008 in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. 162 people died when they were crushed, trampled, or forced over the side of a ravine by the movement of a large panicking crowd
The fire began when a stage fireworks gun misfired and crowds exited into one badly-lit exit.
At least 345 Muslim pilgrims have died in a crush during the stone-throwing ritual at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia,
Additional paper -The Dynamics of Crowd Disasters: An Empirical Study
Jamarat area as it is today
JAKARTA, Indonesia — A stampede at an Indonesian punk rock concert left 10 people dead and dozens more injured, most of them teenagers, police said Sunday.
The deadly crush happened Saturday night as hundreds of people tried at the same time to leave a concert by local band Beside, held at a small cultural center hall in West Java province’s capital, Bandung, said local police chief Col. Bambang Suparsono.
The opening of the pan-African film festival Fespaco has been marred by the deaths of two people in a crush. Witnesses said as stadium gates were opened in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkino Faso, there was almost a stampede towards the more shaded areas
Five people have been trampled to death in Tehran following a football World Cup qualifying match between Iran and Japan, state news agency Irna reported. About 40 others were hurt as more than 100,000 spectators at the Azadi stadium moved to the exits after the game, doctors told the agency.
Crowd crush occurred at a stone-throwing ritual that has been the source of deadly tramplings in the past.
A stampede of hundreds of shoppers in western Saudi Arabia has left at least three people crushed to death. A Saudi man and a Pakistani man were among those killed, officials in the port city of Jeddah
The E2 nightclub crowd crush occurred on February 17, 2003, at the E2 nightclub located above the Epitome Chicago restaurant in Chicago, Illinois, in which 21 people died and more than 50 were injured when panic ensued from the use of pepper spray by security guards to break up a fight.
Police in Benin are investigating reports that a pop concert went ahead despite the deaths of at least 15 fans from crushing. The incident happened before the Congolese musician Kofi Olomide was due to appear at the Friendship Stadium in Benin’s main city Cotonou.
The Sknyliv air show disaster occurred on 27 July 2002, when a Ukrainian Air Force Sukhoi Su-27 piloted by Volodymyr Toponar and co-piloted by Yuriy Yegorov crashed during an aerobatics presentation at Sknyliv airfield near Lviv, Ukraine. The accident killed 77 people and injured 543, 100 of whom were hospitalised.
The 2001 Hajj stampede resulted in the deaths of at least 35 pilgrims on 5 March 2001 during the Hajj in Mecca
The Accra Sports Stadium disaster occurred at the Accra Sports Stadium, Accra, Ghana on May 9, 2001. It took the lives of 127 people, making it the worst stadium disaster to have ever taken place in Africa
The Ellis Park Stadium disaster was the worst sporting accident in South African history. On 11 April 2001, spectators poured into the Ellis Park Stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng,South Africa, for the local Soweto derby association football match between Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates.
At least 15 football fans have been killed and hundreds others injured after a stadium collapsed in Iran. The incident happened on Sunday in the Iranian city of Sari, the official Islamic Republic News Agency reported.
On this day in 2001, during a soccer match at Accra Stadium in Ghana, an encounter between police and rowdy fans results in a stampede that kills 126 people. This tragedy was the worst-ever sports-related disaster in Africa’s history to that time.
The Akashi pedestrian bridge accident occurred on 21 July 2001 in Akashi, Hyōgo, Japan. In the incident, a large crowd of people packed into a partially enclosed pedestrian overpass leading to Asagiri Station after a fireworks show. The resulting crush killed 11 people
Hundreds skidded on an icy staircase at the Indigo club, where 1,500 teenagers had crowded at the entrance. Georgi Petkanov the Interior Minister, said one teenager was killed on the spot and six others died later in hospital.
Thirteen children were killed and 44 injured after a teargas canister was thrown into a crowded disco in Durban, South Africa, yesterday, causing a crowd crush.
At least three spectators are reported to have died in a stampede at a World Cup football match in the Liberian capital Monrovia. Officials said thousands of fans forced their way into the overcrowded national stadium, which has a capacity of 35,000.
At least 12 people died here yesterday in chaos that disrupted a World Cup qualifying match between Zimbabwe and South Africa. Police officers, in what appears to have been an over-reaction to fans throwing plastic bottles on to the field, fired tear gas into a near-capacity crowd of 60,000 at the National Sports Stadium. Thousands of spectators stampeded to get out of the stadium and many people were crushed.
At least 19 people have died and 24 others been injured in a fire which destroyed a popular night club in the centre of Mexico City. Dozens of fire fighters were called to the scene in the early hours of the morning as the bar’s occupants struggled to escape the blaze.
40 killed and 50 injured in South Africa’s worst sports disaster. A refereeing decision triggered violence and a stampede during a pre-season ‘friendly’ between arch rivals Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates.
At least 54 people, most of them teenage girls, were crushed to death in a metro underpass stampede in Minsk, the capital of Belarus.
1 fan killed and 24 injured in a stampede during an African Nations Cup qualifier between Kenya and Mozambique.
A panicked crowd of snowboarding fans stampeded out of a stadium in Innsbruck, crushing five people to death and trampling dozens of others
The authorities in Saudi Arabia say they are continuing their efforts to identify the nationalities of the one-hundred-and-eighteen Muslims who died in a stampede on the last day of the annual Haj pilgrimage to Mecca.
THE WORST fire disaster in Sweden’s recent history claimed the lives of 60 teenagers when a blaze ripped through a disco at an immigrant cultural centre in Gothenburg. After conflicting reports about what caused the fireball which turned the second-floor hall into an inferno, police last night refused to rule out a arson attack.
Guatemalan officials said today that at least 84 people had been killed and 147 injured in a melee before a World Cup qualifying match on Wednesday, as stampeding soccer fans crushed and smothered one another in one of the worst sports tragedies in years.
A total of 270 pilgrims died during this week’s symbolic “stoning the devil” ritual
Twenty people died and 71 were injured when new year celebrations in Hong Kong
Oppenheimer Stadium disaster (No link)
Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates met in a pre-season friendly at the 23,000 seater Oppenheimer Stadium, but reports say at least 30,000 were let into the venue.
They were not separated and when Chiefs were awarded a dubious goal, Pirates fans reportedly turned violent, attacking rival supporters. This caused a stampede that left 42 people dead.
It’s not every day that the monster Australian heavy-metal rock hand AC/DC plays Salt Lake City. So the one-show-only Jan. 18 concert at the downtown Salt Palace seemed a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to some young Utah fans. They stood in line overnight to buy the $18 tickets, determined to be there if it was the last thing they ever did. Tragically, for three teenagers, it was.
21st September – Jikong Bridge, Shanxi Province (no link)
(Created through Google Translate)
From September 21 to September 30, 1991, Shanxi Provincial People’s Government held the “Two Weeks in a Week” event in Taiyuan, the capital city of Shanxi Province, namely the Week of Friendship and Exchange of Shanxi Province, the International Drum Festival in Shanxi Province, and the Second Folk Arts Festival in Shanxi Province, China. One of the main activities of “Two Weeks a Week” is the large-scale light show of “Coal Sea Light” held in Yingze Park, which will be held from September 15 to October 31. This is also the first time that “Light of Coal Sea” was exhibited in Shanxi Province.
Lantern Exhibition has been a warm welcome, ticketing team queues in the main street Yingze. Not only Taiyuan local citizens enthusiastically watched the exhibition, and even farmers in the surrounding areas of Taiyuan came over to see the light show with their tractors. According to statistics, at the beginning of the Lantern Festival, the daily sales of tickets for the night more than 1 million, September 22 to 4 million copies, on the 23rd to 5.8 million copies, up to 24 as many as more than 64,000 copies. During this period also issued 3.09 million copies of tickets. All tickets sold without a deadline.
The evening of September 24, the number of admission lanterns as many as 50,000 people. Due to the large number of watchers, lights show site did not set sightseeing signs, flow of people in chaos. Especially in connecting the main channel between east and west of Yingze Lake Qikongqiao, is a large gradient arch bridge at the end of both ends of the east and west stand long, wide and high of 0.57 meters square stop stone pier; bridge two lighting Lights disrepair, dim light; the crowd on the bridge in the opposite direction, crowded. At around 20:30, some people were pushed down in the east of Qikongqiao and the crowd was chaotic . It is reported that due to the fact that there are more tourists on the east side of the bridge than on the west side of the bridge, the flow of people can not flow eastward, and then the bridge west is folded back. As a result, the tourists who journey eastwards in the west of the bridge again flow back to Qiaoxi. The crowd going to Sai Chung was stopped by two stop stone blocks at the bottom of the western section of the western section of Qiaoxi. Someone was tripped over and blocked the flow of people, but the people behind it were crowded by more people and flooded along the slope. Exposed or suffocated by tourists in the middle of death, or seriously injured, or died drowning.
According to ex post facto statistics, 105 people were dumped to death and 108 were crushed. Of the deaths, 27 were men and 78 were women; 23 were under 16, 65 were 17 to 59, and 17 were over 60. Among the injured, 5 were seriously injured, 18 were slightly injured and 85 were injured in general.
Afterwards, the investigation team gave a survey report that the accident occurred in three ways. One is that leading cadres are “seriously bureaucratic, irresponsible and neglecting security.” This is the main reason for the accident. The other is that the police force is not in place and 450 people are on duty in the scheme prepared in advance. However, the actual attendance of all police forces is only 311 people, nearly one-third of the police force did not arrive; Third, there is a significant security risk Lantern Exhibition, Garden does not limit the number of admission, the ticket does not limit the tour date, there is no prescribed sightseeing route. The investigation team found that “9/24 major casualty was a serious accident caused by the serious bureaucratic dereliction of duty on the part of leading cadres and the negligence of dereliction of duty by state staff.”
When he was vice governor of Shanxi Province Li Zhenhua is “two weeks a week” organizing committee chairman. March 4, 1992, Shanxi Provincial People’s Congress Standing Committee found Li Zhenhua important responsibility for the accident leadership, decided to remove the vice governor Li Zhenhua duties. Another 18 officers responsible for the accident were punished by party discipline and government
Stunned elected leaders and police, medical and City University officials began sweeping inquiries yesterday to try to explain a nightmarish stampede that left eight young people trampled or crushed to death and 29 others injured at the doorway of a City College gymnasium Saturday night at a charity basketball game featuring celebrity rap stars.
The Happy Land fire was an arson fire that killed 87 people trapped in an unlicensed social club named “Happy Land”, at 1959 Southern Boulevardin the West Farms section of the Bronx in New York City on March 25, 1990
The Hillsborough disaster was an incident that occurred on 15 April 1989 at the Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, during the FA Cup semi-final match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest football clubs.
The Bradford City stadium fire was the worst fire disaster in the history of English football. It occurred during a league match in front of record numbers of spectators, on Saturday, 11 May 1985, killing 56 and injuring at least 265.
On December 3, 1979, eleven teenagers and young adults were killed by compressive asphyxia and 26 other persons were injured in a rush for seating at the opening of a sold-out rock concert
The 1971 Ibrox disaster was a crush among the crowd at an Old Firm football game, which led to 66 deaths and over 200 injuries. It happened on 2 January 1971 in an exit stairway at Ibrox Park (now Ibrox Stadium) in Glasgow, Scotland
On June 23, 1968, in El Monumental after a match between the two teams 71 fans were killed in a crush at gate 12 and 150 fans injured.
Lima, Peru. 318 people are killed and another 500 injured in riots at National Stadium after Argentina beats Peru in an Olympic qualifying match
Le Mans disaster ( warning – graphic video attached )
The 1955 Le Mans disaster occurred during the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race, when a crash caused large fragments of racing car debris to fly into the crowd. Eighty-three spectators and driver Pierre Levegh perished at the scene with 120 more injured in the most catastrophic accident in motorsport history.
The Burnden Park Disaster was a human crush that occurred on 9 March 1946 at Burnden Park football stadium, the home of Bolton Wanderers. The crush resulted in the deaths of 33 people and injuries to hundreds of Bolton fans
The Iroquois Theatre fire occurred on December 30, 1903, in Chicago, Illinois. It is the deadliest theater fire and the deadliest single-building fire in United States history. At least 605 people died as a result of the fire but not all the deaths were reported, as some of the bodies were removed from the scene.
On 5 April 1902, during the 1902 British Home Championship match between Scotland and England, the back of the newly built West Tribune Stand collapsed due to heavy rainfall the previous night. Hundreds of supporters fell up to 40 feet (12 m) to the ground below. 25 people died and 517 were injured
Celebration of the Coronation of Czar Nicholas II Results in the Death of up to 3,000 peasants
183 children – 114 boys and 69 girls – mostly between the ages of seven and ten but some as young as three died, while a further 100 were seriously injured.
The Brooklyn Theater Fire was a catastrophic theater fire that broke out on the evening of December 5, 1876 in the city ofBrooklyn, New York, United States