The following has been gathered from secondary websites, news and presentations.
Some of the terminology contained in the headings and body of these links is misleading. These have been taken from press articles, websites and videos. The use of the word stampede and panic is not what you will find to be the causes of the incidents shown. The information provided is reflecting the articles written and it is being left to you to interoperate what you see and read and come to your own conclusions.
Seventeen people have been killed and 71 injured after a fire ripped through a crowded karaoke club in Indonesia. Witnesses told authorities the fire started at around 1am on the second floor of the three-storey building on Indonesia’s Sulawesi island.
On 24 September 2015, a crowd collapse caused the deaths of at least 2,277 who were suffocated or crushed during the annual Hajj pilgrimage in Mina, Mecca. The Mina crush now stands as the deadliest Hajj disaster in history,
On February 8, 2015: 28 people died after a crowd crush that occurred at a football game in Cairo, Egypt. Report suggest that this was caused through police interaction and use of tear gas.
New Year celebrations in Shanghai ended in tragedy after 36 people were crushed to death and 47 injured in what has become the city’s worst disaster in recent years
16 people have been killed and 11 injured in an accident at a pop concert in Seongnam, south of Seoul in South Korea, officials say.
Multan crowd crush
On October 10, 2014, occurred in Multan, Pakistan. A Political Party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf faced the crushduring a public rally. It caused the deaths of more than half a dozen people.
Patna crowd crush
2014 Patna crowd crush occurred on 3 October 2014 on the occasion of Dassehra festival at Gandhi Maidan inPatna, Bihar
The 2014 Stade Tata Raphaël disaster refers to a crowd crush that occurred in Kinshasa at the Stade Tata Raphaël on 11 May 2014. During the match between Congolese football clubs TP Mazembe and Vita Club, missiles were thrown on to the pitch and the referee chose to delay play.
14 killed in crush at China Mosque
On 13 October 2013, during the Hindu festival of Navratri, a crowd crush on a bridge near the Ratangarh Mata Temple in Datia district,Madhya Pradesh, India, killing 115 people and injuring more than 110.
The Kiss nightclub fire started between 2:00 and 2:30 on 27 January 2013 in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, killing at least 242 people and injuring at least 168 others
A Madrid Halloween party headlined by Steve Aoki ended in tragedy last night when three young women died of injuries sustained in the middle of a crowd crush
On 24 July 2010, a crowd disaster at the 2010 Love Parade electronic dance music festival in Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, caused the death of 21 people from suffocation. At least 510 more were injured
Pratapgarh janki temple
The 2009 Houphouët-Boigny stampede occurred on 29 March 2009 in the Stade Félix Houphouët-Boigny in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire before a 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification match between Malawi and Côte d’Ivoire.
The Lame Horse fire occurred on December 5, 2009, around 1 a.m. local time in the nightclub Khromaya Loshad
A human crowd crush at the Hindu temple of Naina Devi occurred on 3 August 2008 in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. 162 people died when they were crushed, trampled, or forced over the side of a ravine by the movement of a large panicking crowd
Mexico City’s mayor has accused police of making serious errors during a raid at a packed nightclub which led to the deaths of 12 people in a stampede.
The fire began when a stage fireworks gun misfired and crowds exited into one badly-lit exit.
At least 345 Muslim pilgrims have died in a crush during the stone-throwing ritual at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia,
Additional paper -The Dynamics of Crowd Disasters: An Empirical Study
Jamarat area as it is today
Crowd crush occurred at a stone-throwing ritual that has been the source of deadly tramplings in the past.
The E2 nightclub crowd crush occurred on February 17, 2003, at the E2 nightclub located above the Epitome Chicago restaurant in Chicago, Illinois, in which 21 people died and more than 50 were injured when panic ensued from the use of pepper spray by security guards to break up a fight.
The Akashi pedestrian bridge accident occurred on 21 July 2001 in Akashi, Hyōgo, Japan. In the incident, a large crowd of people packed into a partially enclosed pedestrian overpass leading to Asagiri Station after a fireworks show. The resulting crush killed 11 people
The Accra Sports Stadium disaster occurred at the Accra Sports Stadium, Accra, Ghana on May 9, 2001. It took the lives of 127 people, making it the worst stadium disaster to have ever taken place in Africa
The Ellis Park Stadium disaster was the worst sporting accident in South African history. On 11 April 2001, spectators poured into the Ellis Park Stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng,South Africa, for the local Soweto derby association football match between Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates.
During Pearl Jam’s concert at the Orange Stage in 2000, a crush occurred. Nine people died, and twenty-six people were injured, three of them seriously.
Thirteen children were killed and 44 injured after a teargas canister was thrown into a crowded disco in Durban, South Africa, yesterday, causing a crowd crush.
A total of 270 pilgrims died during this week’s symbolic “stoning the devil” ritual
The Happy Land fire was an arson fire that killed 87 people trapped in an unlicensed social club named “Happy Land”, at 1959 Southern Boulevardin the West Farms section of the Bronx in New York City on March 25, 1990
Twenty people died and 71 were injured when new year celebrations in Hong Kong
The Hillsborough disaster was an incident that occurred on 15 April 1989 at the Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, during the FA Cup semi-final match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest football clubs.
The Bradford City stadium fire was the worst fire disaster in the history of English football. It occurred during a league match in front of record numbers of spectators, on Saturday, 11 May 1985, killing 56 and injuring at least 265.
On December 3, 1979, eleven teenagers and young adults were killed by compressive asphyxia and 26 other persons were injured in a rush for seating at the opening of a sold-out rock concert
The 1971 Ibrox disaster was a crush among the crowd at an Old Firm football game, which led to 66 deaths and over 200 injuries. It happened on 2 January 1971 in an exit stairway at Ibrox Park (now Ibrox Stadium) in Glasgow, Scotland
On June 23, 1968, in El Monumental after a match between the two teams 71 fans were killed in a crush at gate 12 and 150 fans injured.
Lima, Peru. 318 people are killed and another 500 injured in riots at National Stadium after Argentina beats Peru in an Olympic qualifying match
Le Mans disaster ( warning – graphic video attached )
The 1955 Le Mans disaster occurred during the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race, when a crash caused large fragments of racing car debris to fly into the crowd. Eighty-three spectators and driver Pierre Levegh perished at the scene with 120 more injured in the most catastrophic accident in motorsport history.
The Burnden Park Disaster was a human crush that occurred on 9 March 1946 at Burnden Park football stadium, the home of Bolton Wanderers. The crush resulted in the deaths of 33 people and injuries to hundreds of Bolton fans
The Iroquois Theatre fire occurred on December 30, 1903, in Chicago, Illinois. It is the deadliest theater fire and the deadliest single-building fire in United States history. At least 605 people died as a result of the fire but not all the deaths were reported, as some of the bodies were removed from the scene.
On 5 April 1902, during the 1902 British Home Championship match between Scotland and England, the back of the newly built West Tribune Stand collapsed due to heavy rainfall the previous night. Hundreds of supporters fell up to 40 feet (12 m) to the ground below. 25 people died and 517 were injured
Celebration of the Coronation of Czar Nicholas II Results in the Death of up to 3,000 peasants
183 children – 114 boys and 69 girls – mostly between the ages of seven and ten but some as young as three died, while a further 100 were seriously injured.
The Brooklyn Theater Fire was a catastrophic theater fire that broke out on the evening of December 5, 1876 in the city ofBrooklyn, New York, United States