The following has been gathered from secondary websites, news and presentations.
Some of the terminology contained in the headings and body of these links is misleading. These have been taken from press articles, websites and videos. The use of the word stampede and panic is not what you will find to be the causes of the incidents shown. The information provided is reflecting the articles written and it is being left to you to interoperate what you see and read and come to your own conclusions. Please also
Bolivar metro station disaster 11/03/1918
The stampede of March 11, 1918 at the Bolivar station is a deadly crowd movement that occurred during the First World War, on the night of March 11 to 12, 1918, at the Bolivar station of the Paris metro.
While the 19th arrondissement of Paris suffered a bombardment from the German air force, the population sought refuge in the station, fitted out as an anti-aircraft shelter, but came up against access doors opening only towards the outside. In the panic, many people died of suffocation or crushed against the doors. Despite the large number of victims, which has never been determined with certainty, this drama remains unknown today, having been confused with the heavy toll of the bombings.
Italian Hall disaster 24/12/2013
The Italian Hall Disaster (sometimes referred to as the 1913 Massacre) was a tragedy that occurred on Wednesday, December 24, 1913, in Calumet, Michigan, United States. Seventy-three men, women, and children – mostly striking mine workers and their families – were crushed to death in a stampede when someone falsely shouted “fire” at a crowded Christmas party