Nationals Park False Alarm

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Nationals Park False Alarm

Police say 3 people were wounded in a shooting outside Nationals Park that sent players and fans scrambling during a game

(CNN)Three people were injured in a shooting Saturday night outside Nationals Park in Washington, DC, sending baseball fans and players scrambling during a game, police said.

Washington Nationals' game suspended as police say three injured in shooting outside stadium

WASHINGTON — The game between the San Diego Padres and the Washington Nationals was suspended in the sixth inning Saturday night after a shooting outside Nationals Park that caused echoes of gunfire inside the stadium and prompted fans to scramble for safety in the dugout.

Shooting near Nationals Park puts renewed focus on another weekend of gun violence in US

(CNN)A series of shootings over the weekend in Chicago, Philadelphia, Washington, DC, and other American cities underscored the ongoing rise in shootings and gun violence in the US this year.

Baseball fans scramble after shooting outside Washington Nationals stadium

WASHINGTON, July 17 (Reuters) – Some fans and players scrambled for cover at a professional baseball game in Washington on Saturday night as the sound of gunfire filled the stadium, and police later said several people had been shot outside.

PA safety message.

Reference material

Understanding collective flight responses to (mis)perceived hostile threats: A systematic review of ten years of false alarms in crowded spaces

Active Shooter Safety Considerations for Educators

PDF of PowerPoint presentation

This Is Not a Drill: Anxiety on Twitter Following the 2018 Hawaii False Missile Alert

Nickolas M. Jones and Roxane Cohen Silver University of California, Irvine

ACTIVE SHOOTER HOW TO RESPOND

US Department of Homeland Security

Shelter-in-Place for Active Shooter

FEMA.gov

Communicating with the Public About Marauding Terrorist Firearms Attacks: Results from a Survey Experiment on Factors Influencing Intention to “Run, Hide, Tell” in the United Kingdom and Denmark

Abstract

Effective risk communication is an integral part of responding to terrorism, but until recently, there has been very little pre-event communication in a European context to provide advice to the public on how to protect themselves during an attack. Following terrorist attacks involving mass shootings in Paris, France, in November 2015, the U.K. National Police Chiefs’ Council released a Stay Safe film and leaflet that advises the public to “run,” “hide,” and “tell” in the event of a firearms or weapons attack. However, other countries, including Denmark, do not provide preparedness information of this kind, in large part because of concern about scaring the public. In this survey experiment, 3,003 U.K. and Danish participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: no information, a leaflet intervention, and a film intervention to examine the impact of “Run, Hide, Tell” advice on perceptions about terrorism, the security services, and intended responses to a hypothetical terrorist firearms attack. Results demonstrate important benefits of pre-event communication in relation to enhancing trust, encouraging protective health behaviors, and discouraging potentially dangerous actions. However, these findings also suggest that future communications should address perceived response costs and target specific problem behaviors. Cross-national similarities in response suggest this advice is suitable for adaptation in other countries.

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