The following has been gathered from secondary websites, news and presentations.

Some of the terminology contained in the headings and body of these links is misleading. These have been taken from press articles, websites and videos. The use of the word stampede and panic is not what you will find to be the causes of the incidents shown. The information provided is reflecting the articles written and it is being left to you to interoperate what you see and read and come to your own conclusions. Please also not that this list only refers to gatherings involving events such as concerts, sports, night clubs (entertainment). There is only inclusion of some significant events out with this.


India, Kerala, Sabarimala, Sabarimala shrine celestial light crowd incident 15/01/1999

Police and firefighters in the southern Indian state of Kerala have launched a major rescue operation after a landslide caused a temple to cave in.

So far, 52 people are reported dead in the tragedy, and the death toll is expected to rise.

The landslide occurred while some 200,000 male Hindu pilgrims were gathered around the holy site on a hill.

The worshippers were watching for what they believed to be a celestial light at the Sabarimala shrine in Kerala state.

Link to article 

Inchon, Beer Hall , Karaoke night fire 30/10/1999

Seoul – South Korean police said on Sunday that they had requested arrest warrants for four people on charges of involuntary manslaughter after Saturday’s fire at a karaoke bar that killed 55 people in the port city of Inchon.

“We have asked for warrants for the arrest of four workmen…,” said a police investigator, noting renovation had been taking place in the building where the fire broke out.

Link to article 

Innsbruck Air & Style crowd incident 05/12/1999

A panicked crowd of snowboarding fans stampeded out of a stadium in Innsbruck, crushing five people to death and trampling dozens of others.

Five people have been killed and 25 others injured after a barrier gave way at a snowboarding event in Austria.

The accident happened at the Bergisel stadium in Innsbruck as spectators were leaving the “Air and Style” exhibition – attended by some 40,000 people.

Link to article 

MInsk Metro crowd incident 31/05/1999

At least 54 people, most of them teenage girls, were crushed to death in a metro underpass stampede in Minsk, the capital of Belarus.

THE FIRST of many funerals will be held in Belarus today after at least 54 people, most of them teenage girls, were crushed to death in a metro underpass stampede on Sunday.

As the nation grieves, a government commission will begin to investigate the cause of the disaster, which happened after more than 1,000 people – many drunk and high-spirited after a rock concert – rushed into the underpass to escape a sudden spring thunderstorm.


Reports from Minsk, the capital of Belarus, suggested that some of the young women were killed because they were wearing high heels, which caused them to fall down a flight of slippery marble stairs as crowds thrust forward and then ran over them.

Link to article 

Alexandria Stadium, football match crowd incident 11/01/1999

January — Eleven killed in a stampede after a derby between Korm and Al Ittihad in Alexandria, Egypt

Reference required


Gothenburg Disco fire 30/10/1998

THE WORST fire disaster in Sweden’s recent history claimed the lives of 60 teenagers when a blaze ripped through a disco at an immigrant cultural centre in Gothenburg. After conflicting reports about what caused the fireball which turned the second-floor hall into an inferno, police last night refused to rule out a arson attack.

Dedicated page link

Russia, Nalchik balcony collapse crowd incident 25/06/1998

A balcony collapsed Thursday onto the crowded floor of a sports stadium during the national wrestling competition in southern Russia, killing 23 people, officials said. Thirty-nine others were injured.

The balcony was holding about 100 spectators when it fell about 16 feet onto the spectators below, said Col. Alik Betrozov of the Emergencies Ministry.

Rescue workers spent hours searching the rubble and believed they had found all the dead and injured.

The accident occurred in the Trudovye Rezervy indoor sports complex in the Nalchik, 850 miles south of Moscow in the Kabardino-Balkaraya republic. A stadium official said 3,000 spectators were in the stadium at the time.

Link to article

Zimbabwe, Harare stadium 18/04/1998

The official media in Zimbabwe say four people were killed and about ten others seriously injured in a stampede at independence day celebrations at the national sports stadium in Harare.

Link to article

Jamarat Bridge Haj crowd incident 04/1998

The authorities in Saudi Arabia say they are continuing their efforts to identify the nationalities of the one-hundred-and-eighteen Muslims who died in a stampede on the last day of the annual Haj pilgrimage to Mecca.


Michigan, Silverdome Stadium, Rolling Stones concert, crowd incident 02/12/1997

December 3 [14:00 EDT] — A 31-year-old Rolling Stones fan reportedly fell to his death Tuesday night at the band’s concert at the Pontiac Silverdome outside of Detroit.

The Associated Press reports that Eric Zylema fell 23 feet to his death when he slipped from a railing that he had been dancing on. Police told the AP that Zylema fell from the second level of the stadium to the concrete floor of the first level, and was pronounced dead half an hour later.

The police went on to say that an autopsy was planned for Tuesday to determine if drugs or alcohol may have been a factor in the fan’s death.

Link article

Paraguay, Ciudad del Este, stadium crowd incident 05/09/1997

Part of a sports stadium in eastern Paraguay collapsed while the ruling party held a political rally, killing at least 33 people and injuring more than 100, authorities said Friday.

A metallic section of Third of February Stadium caved in Thursday night in Ciudad del Este, 180 miles east of Asuncion, the capital. At least 17 of the injured were in serious condition, police said.It wasn’t immediately clear what caused the collapse, but party members said powerful winds – possibly a tornado – damaged the structure.

Police spokesman Pablo Augusto Marin said one policeman was among the dead and 13 officers were among those injured in the collapse. The mayor of Cuidad del Este, Juan Carlos Barreto, said three children were among those killed.

Marin said authorities feared more victims would be found once the stadium roof was lifted off the ground.

Link to article 

Peru, Lima, Servando y Florentino, crowd incident 05/08/1997t

Florentine where five teenagers died The guilt was in the organizers of the event

On August 5, 1997, five adolescents died in a concert by Servando and Florentino at the Home Fair in Lima, Peru. A firefighter climbed onto the stage to interrupt the show where several spectators had collapsed.

Link to article 

Belgium, Ostend,Royal Jordianian Falcons air crash 26/07/1997

BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) _ A pilot who nose-dived at an air show appeared to regain control of the plane at the last instant _ but not soon enough to avoid skidding in a “carpet of flame″ that showered spectators with deadly debris.

The Jordanian pilot and seven spectators, including a French girl and her father, were killed Saturday when the light aircraft crashed amid blustery wind near public bleachers outside the coastal resort of Ostend.

The rest of the victims were Belgium men. An additional person, a Red Cross volunteer, died from injuries early Sunday. About 40 people were injured, 10 of them critically.

Link to article 

Germany, Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Staduim, Die Toten Hosen, crowd incident 02/07/1997

Florentine where five teenagers died The guilt was in the organizers of the event

On August 5, 1997, five adolescents died in a concert by Servando and Florentino at the Home Fair in Lima, Peru. A firefighter climbed onto the stage to interrupt the show where several spectators had collapsed.

Link to article 

USA, Las Vegas, MGM Grand, Tyson v hollyfield boxing match, crowd incident 29/06/1997


It was the night the gambling stopped, a night of glamour and people-watching turned to bedlam.

In the wake of the chaos and acrimony caused by Mike Tyson’s disqualification loss to Evander Holyfield in the hotel’s arena, panic and police overtook the MGM Grand late Saturday night and early Sunday morning

Link to article 

India, Green Park, New Delhi Uphaar Cinema fire 13/06/1997

The Uphaar Cinema fire was one of the worst fire tragedies in the country. A total of 59 people lost their lives in the fire that broke out during the screening of Hindu film Border on June 13, 1997

Uphaar Cinema fire timeline: The 1997 Uphaar Cinema fire was one of the worst fire tragedies in the country. A total of 59 people lost their lives and over 100 were injured in the fire that broke out at the cinema hall during the screening of Hindu film Border on June 13, 1997. The Uphaar Cinema was located in the Green Park area of south Delhi. The investigation was initially done by the Delhi Police and later transferred to the CBI. Uphaar Cinema owner Sushil Ansal and Gopal Ansal were awarded two years jail term by a local Delhi court. The final verdict in the case came in 2015 when the Supreme Court slapped a fine of Rs 30 each on Ansal brothers and reduced their jail terms to the term already undergone by them.

Link to article 

India, Thanjavur, Brihadiswara temple fire 08/06/1997

40 killed in Thanjavur temple fire

Forty people were killed and 86 injured as a fire broke out late on Saturday evening at the Brihadeeswara temple in Thanjavur.

The incident occurred hours before the Mahakumbabishekam ceremony. Eyewitnesses said a fire cracker lit near the temple fell on the yagasala and sparked the fire which was fuelled by inflammable materials like ghee and thatched roofs.

Instantly, panic-stricken devotees surged towards the only entrance to the temple on the eastern side, causing a stampede which claimed several lives. However, another version said the fire was caused by a spark from the electric generator. The entire yagasala was gutted.

According to D V Thaigarajan, dean of the Thanjavur medical college, most of the deaths were caused by the inhalation of carbon monoxide while a few due to burn injuries. The toll may go up as many of the injured are said to be in serious condition.

Link to article 

Saudi Arabia, Mecca, fire 15/04/1997

The fire erupted in the overcrowded tent city, Mina, where an estimated two million Muslim pilgrims were gathered on for the first day of the Hajj, the ritualistic pilgrimage to Mecca. The fire erupted at 11:45 a.m. (AST), and was caused by exploding canisters of cooking gas, according to witnesses. The fire was fanned by winds of nearly 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) causing the destruction of an estimated 70,000 tents. Officially, 1,290 were injured and 217 killed, though witnesses and local newspapers claimed at least 300 were killed, many trampled in the panic. Later official reports gave a death toll of 343, no official list of fatalities has been published. Opposition sources claimed over 2,000 deaths had occurred, many from trampling. The fire was fought by three hundred fire engines as well as helicopters, and controlled in three hours.

Link to article

Portugal, Amarante, Nightclub, arson attack 16/04/1997

A SETTLING of scores between discotheque owners was probably behind an arson attack on a northern Portuguese nightclub early, yesterday which left 12 people dead, police said.

Fourteen others were injured when three armed and hooded men entered the Men Culpa club in Amarante, 50km (30 miles) east of Porto, around dawn. They doused the place with fuel and set fire to it. The Lusa news agency reported that most of the bodies were found near a closed emergency exit.

Police have questioned one of the injured, suspecting he may be one of the arsonists. The other two fled the scene immediately after lighting the fire. The third man was trapped with the employees and patrons.

Link to article 

Israel, Tel Aviv , Maccabiah Games, footbrige collapse 14/04/2997

TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) _ Five defendants, including the organizer of the 1997 Maccabiah Games, were convicted today in the collapse of a footbridge that killed four Australian athletes and injured scores of others.

The Tel Aviv Magistrate’s Court found the Israelis guilty of causing death and injury by negligence. The five face up to four years in prison.

Micha Bar-Ilan, the engineer who constructed the bridge, held his head in his hands when Judge Edna Beckenstein read the decision of the three-judge panel.

The bridge collapsed on July 14, 1997, during the opening of the Maccabiah Games, a sporting event for Jewish athletes from around the world.

Link to article 

Hong Kong, Tsim Sha Tsui,, Kowloon, Top One Club fire 25/01/1997

AN arsonist believed to be linked to a triad turf war firebombed a karaoke bar in Tsim Sha Tsui yesterday, police say, killing 15 people in the second horrific blaze in two months.

The inferno which exploded in a staircase leading to the Top One karaoke bar at 4 am, was apparently designed to trap about 100 people inside, detectives said.

Flames and smoke roared quickly up the stairs and through air-conditioning vents into the maze of tiny rooms, quickly overcoming staff and customers.

Link to article 


Guatemala Stadium crowd incident 17/10/1996

Guatemalan officials said today that at least 84 people had been killed and 147 injured in a melee before a World Cup qualifying match on Wednesday, as stampeding soccer fans crushed and smothered one another in one of the worst sports tragedies in years.

South Africa, Tembisa,Train station, crowd incident 31/07/1996

TEMBISA, South Africa (AP) _ Morning rush hour became a deadly stampede Wednesday after security guards used electric prods to control crowds at a railroad station. At least 15 commuters were crushed to death.

What President Nelson Mandela called “a national tragedy″ sparked outrage in Tembisa, a black township northeast of Johannesburg. After the stampede, a mob torched a station ticket office and stoned riot police arriving to restore order.

About 60 policemen, supported by an armored vehicle, hurled tear gas and fired shots into the air. The angry crowd, which grew at one point to about 1,000 people, dispersed only hours after the stampede.

Link to article 

India, Ujjain, New Moon Festival, crowd incident 15/07/1996

The Catholic Bishops´ Conference of India (CBCI) joined national leaders in offering condolences to the friends and relatives of 59 Hindu pilgrims killed in stampedes in two Indian towns July 15.Thirty-seven people were reportedly killed when devotees crammed the Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain, a Hindu holy town in the central state of Madhya Pradesh, while marking a festival that last took place 27 years ago.Another stampede killed 21 people at Haridwar, a sacred city some 200 kilometers north of New Delhi in Uttar Pradesh state.

Link to article 

Libya, Tripoli, football match crowd incident 14/07/1996

Libya has launched an investigation into a brawl among fans, players and police at a hotly contested soccer match that left eight people dead and 39 injured.

The casualty figures from the rioting in the capital, Tripoli, were released late Sunday on state-run Libyan television.The broadcast also carried footage of the fighting during Friday’s game between rival Al-Ittihad and Al-Ahli teams, the latter sponsored by Al-Saadi Gadhafi, a son of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.

The government suspended both teams, and Libya’s official JANA news agency said Justice Minister Mohammed Mahmoud Hijazi announced an investigation into the incident.

Link to article 

Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia v Sudan crowd incident 14/06/1996

LUSAKA, Zambia (AP) _ At least 15 soccer fans were crushed to death and 52 others injured in a stampede that followed Zambia’s World Cup qualifying soccer victory over Sudan, police and witnesses said.

At least six fans died on the spot Sunday as several thousand supporters rushed from Lusaka’s Independence Stadium to catch a glimpse of their team, Police Inspector General Francis Ndlovu said.

Officials at Lusaka hospital reported 15 dead and 52 injured, with more casualties feared. It was not clear if those numbers included the earlier six fans.

Link to article

Ireland, Dublin, Point Theater, The Smashing Pumpkins 11/05/1996

May 17, 1996 — Smashing Pumpkins, a band that has vocally opposed moshing and other forms of ritual rock-concert mayhem for more than a year now, were onstage in Dublin, Ireland, last Saturday night when a teenage fan was crushed and fatally injured in exactly that sort of melee.

The date was a festival-seating affair, no chairs on the main floor. Smashing Pumpkins were in mid-set when moshers surged toward the stage and began trampling one another, despite the presence of 110 security guards. Seventeen-year-old Bernadette O’Brien was trapped in the pile-up in front of the stage, and was so seriously crushed that she suffered a heart attack. Singer Billy Corgan warned the crowd that people were getting hurt, while at one point, bassist Darcy Wretsky announced: “There’s a girl dying backstage, do you care?” Bernadette O’Brien was taken to a hospital, where on Sunday she was taken off life-support, and she died.

Link to article 

Phillippines, Quezon,Timog Avenue, Ozone Disco fire 18/03/1996

An eatery that’s “open 25 hours” now occupies the site of the worst nightclub fire in the country’s history. On March 18, 1996, 162 people—mostly teenagers and young adults celebrating their graduation—perished when a blaze engulfed the Ozone Disco along Timog Avenue in Quezon City. Almost 100 others were injured, many of them suffering second and third-degree burns all over their body.

An eatery that’s “open 25 hours” now occupies the site of the worst nightclub fire in the country’s history. On March 18, 1996, 162 people—mostly teenagers and young adults celebrating their graduation—perished when a blaze engulfed the Ozone Disco along Timog Avenue in Quezon City. Almost 100 others were injured, many of them suffering second and third-degree burns all over their body.

Sherilyn Bruan is one of the survivors. She now works at a broadcast TV station not far from the old Ozone Disco. She often drives past the site to and from work, but says she hardly feels the trauma of the horrific tragedy of that night. “No, wala namang effect,” she says. “Hindi ako nanginging every time napapadaan ako. (I don’t shudder every time I pass it). It’s just a place now.”

Bruan was 18 years old and a Mass Communications sophomore at the San Sebastian College in 1996. Dad was a soldier and Mom was an overseas Filipino worker. They lived in San Fernando, Pampanga, but the young Sherilyn insisted on relocating to Manila after high school. She describes herself as a bit of a rebel back in the day.

Link to article 



India, Dabwali,New Delhi, Rajiv Marriage Palace fire 23/12/1995

December 23, 1995 was supposed to be a special day for Vinod and Renu Bansal. Their children — two daughters, 9 and 7, and a five-year-old son — were all participating in dance performances at their school’s annual day function.

So, on the chilly winter morning, the five set off for Rajiv Marriage Palace, Dabwali, Haryana, the venue of the function. As the canopy was packed beyond capacity at 1,500 people, the DAV school management locked the main gates of the compound.

Himanshu, the Bansals’ son, was on stage performing, even as Renu and their younger daughter Nancy were cheering him from near the podium. The elder daughter was in the dressing room some distance away, getting ready for her performance. Suddenly, a fire broke out, and people were running helter-skelter with melted synthetic material of the tent falling on them. In a matter of seven minutes, the small school function turned into the biggest fire tragedy in the country — killing 442 people, including 258 children, and injuring over 150 others.

Link to article 

Pacaembu Stadium crowd incident 20/08/1995

São Paulo Juniors v Palmeiras – Palmeiras beat São Paulo, on a golden goal. Fans armed with sticks, stones and pieces of iron. death of Marcio Gasparim da Silva, 16 y

Link to Video

China, Urumqi, Xinjiang, Karaoke club fire 24/04/1995



Fire swept through a northwest China karaoke club and theater that had ignored orders to shut down last week, killing 51 people and injuring an undetermined number of others, an official said Tuesday.

The fire broke out early Monday at the club in Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang region, an official at the regional foreign affairs office said.

A report Tuesday in the Legal Daily newspaper quoted police and fire officials as saying that club exits were blocked or too narrow, preventing the victims from escaping.

Link to article 

Sierra Leone,Freetown, crowd incident 08/04/1995

FREETOWN, Oct 30 1995 (IPS) – People turn to religion in times of crisis and Sierra Leoneans are no exception.

A cruel four-year civil war has forced 250,000 people to flee the country, displaced 600,000 more, brought the economy to its knees and introduced starvation to the countryside — more than enough reasons to look to spiritual salvation.

Orthodox Christian churches and Islamic leaders in this multi- confessional society of 4.5 million have watched their congregations fall with the rise of new charismatic faiths, offering hope, fellowship and solace.

The fastest growing is the ‘Jesus is the Lord’ ministry, founded and led by a 48-year-old widow, Sister Dora Dumbuya. The clout she now wields is such that military leader Capt. Valentine Strasser turned up in person to open the church’s ‘Crusade’ on October 10 which attracted 30,000 worshipers.

The meeting, at which “miracle” cures were apparently performed, ended in disaster a few days later when a stampede killed eight people and left 13 seriously injured.

What caused the tragedy is confusing — some reports claim a “serpent” appeared, panicking the crowd. But the event has however sparked controversy over the new evangelism.

Link to article 

Taiwan, Taichung, Weierkang Club fire 15/02/1995

TAIPEI, Taiwan (AP) _ Bodies lie piled under white covers. Their relatives, tear-streaked faces rigid with anguish, light sticks of incense to speed the journey to the hereafter.

The images that have dominated Taiwan since a fire killed 64 people in a nightclub Wednesday are a reminder of the island’s lax safety standards.

The fire, Taiwan’s deadliest, has provoked a welter of public recriminations that highlight how Taiwanese have come to expect government accountability since the island shifted toward democracy in 1987.

Media and opposition politicians, displaying a freedom unthinkable when the ruling Nationalists still governed through martial law, are demanding that officials shoulder responsibility for the disaster and resign.

Link to article


China, Karamay, Xinjiang, Cinema fire 08/12/1994

BEIJING, May 8 (Reuters) – A total of 288 children were killed in a 1994 theatre fire in northwest China mainly because they were told to remain seated to allow officials to leave after the blaze broke out, according to an expose by a journalist.

A total of 323 people were killed in the fire in the oil town of Karamay in the predominantly Muslim region of Xinjiang on Dec. 8, 1994. The high death toll was then blamed on locked exits and the failure of officials to check safety facilities beforehand, and to organise effective evacuation.

Link to article 

Poland, Gadansk, Gdansk Shipyard Auditorium crowd incident 24/11/1994

WARSAW, Nov. 25 — Polish police said Friday arson is the suspected cause of a fire at a rock concert in the Baltic seaport of Gdansk that killed three persons and hospitalized more than 200 others with burns. Police were seeking a man between 17 and 19 who was described by witnesses as having thrown a Molotov cocktail, and Polish television broadcast a composite sketch of the suspect.

The blaze broke out Thursday night during a performance before 1,500 fans of a Polish rock group called ‘Golden Life’ at the Gdansk shipyard, and quickly spread through the concert hall. Two persons died in the blaze and a third died during the day of injuries. Four were listed in critical condition, and another 29 were listed as serious at local hospitals. ‘The wooden benches in the audience and the wooden roof structure caught fire almost at the same time,’ the news agency PAP said. The roof subsequently collapsed into the arena. Many of the fans panicked at the outbreak of the blaze and rushed to the exit doors, some of which were padlocked. A total of 24 firefighting units took part in the rescue action, which was completed at midnight. Gdansk authorities have declared Sunday a day of mourning for the victims.

Link to article 

Costa Rica, National Stadium, Aerosmith concert 10/11/1994

SAN JOSE, Costa Rica (AP) _ One person was killed and 22 others were injured Thursday when thousands of fans stormed a stadium before a concert by the rock group Aerosmith.

Witnesses said concert-goers, standing in a tropical rainstorm, were frustrated by the slow, careful police searches of everyone waiting to enter National Stadium.

″The slow entry got people upset, and they started to press to try to get in faster,″ said Rosibel Mena, a reporter for the newspaper Prensa Libre. ″The people in back just passed over (on) top of the people in front.″

Link to article 

Congo, Brazzaville, church crowd incident 12/08/1994

BRAZZAVILLE, Congo A tropical storm broke out as thousands of people were leaving a church service, triggering a panicked stampede for shelter that killed 143 people, the official news agency said Saturday.

More than 50 children were among the people who either were trampled to death or suffocated in the surging crowd during the Friday evening service at the Saint Pierre Claver Roman Catholic Church in Brazzaville’s Bacongo neighborhood, state radio reported.

Link to article 

Stoning the devil Mecca crowd incident 28/05/1994


A total of 270 pilgrims died in a stampede during this week’s symbolic “stoning the devil” ritual of the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, the government said Friday.

Saudi officials said the stampede, which occurred at about 2pm local time, was caused by conditions “beyond human endurance”, with a record 2.5 million pilgrims that year. Some victims were reported to have fallen from a pedestrian overpass (the Jamaraat Bridge) as a wave of pilgrims crowded those already on the overpass. After Saudi police sealed off the overpass, the crowds panicked and moved in two directions, causing more people to fall. Ambulances could not reach the scene of the incident fast enough, which likely contributed to the death toll.

A Saudi statement on the incident blamed pilgrims who were rushing to throw their stones as causing the stampede. The Saudis reported that 829 people died during the hajj, including 270 killed in the stampede, 536 who died from natural causes (which included sun stroke), and 23 from isolated incidents. A Saudi official also noted that people get trampled every year.

One Saudi report stated that the victims included 182 Turks, and mostly Lebanese among the remainder. Later reports suggested that most victims were Indonesian.

Link to article whick includes google links to news papers

China, Hengyang, Hunan, Hengyang railroad station crowd incident 14/02/1994

More than 40 people died and 44 were injured in a stampede of people at a crowded train station in southern China, Hong Kong news reports said Friday.

The stampede occurred Tuesday in the city of Hengyang in Hunan province, newspapers said.Quoting reports received by Hong Kong residents from relatives in Hunan, the South China Morning Post said the victims were in a large crowd of people trying to return to the southern city of Canton after spending the Chinese New Year holidays in villages.

Link to article 


Argentina, Buenos Aires, Kheyvis nightclub fire 20/12/1993

The Kheyvis fire was a fire in the Kheyvis nightclub in Olivos, Buenos Aires, Argentina. On 20 December 1993, a fire in the club caused the deaths of 17 teenagers in a graduation party for the La Salle College. It is believed to have been caused by the burning of furniture as a prank, although no one was charged with starting it.

The Kheyvis fire led to tougher regulations, including mandatory emergency exits and extensive security inspections of existing nightclubs. Until the República Cromagnon fire on 30 December 2004 in Buenos Aires, the Kheyvis fire was the worst nightclub tragedy in Argentine history.

Link to article 

Lan Kwai Fong, Hong Kong, New year's party crowd incident 01/01/1993

Hong Kong awoke to tragedy on January 1, 1993: “20 Dead In Crush Of New Year Revellers”, ran the front-page headline of the South China Morning Post.

“Up to 20 people were reported to have been killed and more than 100 injured in a stampede involving some of the 20,000 in Lan Kwai Fong in Central for New Year celebrations last night,” the story continued. “The crush occurred when people surged out into the streets from the district’s restaurants and bars as the countdown to midnight was being broadcast live on TVB.


India Maharashtra, central place of Nagpur, crowd incident 14/07/1992

Over a dozen instances of pilgrims being trampled to death have been recorded in independent India, and the common thread running through every such tragedy is the utter failure of the authorities and the public alike to learn any lesson from previous disasters. At the Godavari Maha Pushkaram at Rajahmundry in Andhra Pradesh on July 14, >every ingredient needed for a tragedy was present — a rarely occurring religious festival attended by millions of people, the edge of a crowded bathing ghat, and the presence of VIPs causing waiting devotees to lose their patience. A host of factors appeared to have contributed to the >stampede that led to 28 deaths, not least among them being the fact that huge crowds were allowed to gather at the Pushkar ghat even as Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu and his family members were taking a holy dip at the auspicious time. 


France, Corsica, Armand Césari Stadium crowd incident 22/04/1992

No matches were played in Ligue 1 last Saturday. Instead the league commemorated the 20th anniversary of the Furiani stadium disaster which took the lives of 18 fans and injured hundreds more.

The lead up to the disaster starts on the 22nd of April 1992. SC Bastia, from the football-mad town of Bastia on the island Corsica, has just beaten Nancy on penalties and has progressed to the semi-finals of the Coupe de France. In this semi-final it will meet Olympique de Marseille, the absolute top team in France of those years, hosting such players as Jean-Pierre Papin, Chris Waddle, Abedi Pelé, and Didier Deschamps.

India, Tamil Nadu, Lake of Kumbakonam crowd incident 18/02/1992

On February 18, 1992, the then chief minister of Tamil Nadu, Jayalalitha and her friend Sasikala had a holy dip in the tank at around 12:15 p.m. The proceeds were initiated by the Shankaracharya of Kanchi Mutt, Jayendra Saraswati. Tens of thousands of pilgrims thronged the event and in the heat of the situation, 47 people were crushed to death when a building collapsed. This resulted in a stampede that resulted in another 50 getting injured. At least 15 people were reported killed in the rubble, and others were apparently crushed in fleeing crowd as reported by the Press Trust of India. Of the killed, 30 were reported to be women, three were children and the rest were men. Some of the newspapers reported the stampede took place soon after the chief minister reached the tank. This is attributed by the fact that the stampede occurred 200 metres away from the special bathing ghat arranged for the chief minister. The whole accident occurred within a span of 5 minutes with pilgrims rushing up for a holy dip in auspicious time, and also for viewing the chief minister as reported by The Hindu on February 19. Most newspapers also reported that the western and southern sides were cordoned off for security purposes and people could enter and exit only through the northern and eastern sides. Walter Devaram, the inspector-general of police is quoted as saying “a concrete superstructure of a building on the northern bank of the bank collapsed under the weight of those standing on it to watch the festival”. The final official number of victims stood at 50 with another 74 getting injured.


South Africa Orkney, Kaizer Chiefs v Orlando Pirates crowd incident 13/01/1991

The Oppenheimer Stadium disaster, or Orkney Disaster, at the Oppenheimer Stadium in the city of Orkney (200 kilometres (120 mi) from Johannesburg) in South Africa’s North West province was the second-worst sporting incident in South African history, with 42 deaths.

On 13 January 1991, there was a preseason “friendly” association football match between Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates. The stadium had a capacity of 23,000, but about 30,000 fans were admitted and were not separated according to the team they supported. The referee upheld a goal scored by the Chiefs, and supporters of the Pirates objected. Pirates fans threw cans and fruit at Chiefs fans, and allegedly some knife-wielding Pirates fans attacked Chiefs fans. In the stampede, panicking fans trying to escape the brawls were trampled or crushed to death against riot-control fences.

AC.DC Salt Lake City crowd incident 18/01/1991

It’s not every day that the monster Australian heavy-metal rock hand AC/DC plays Salt Lake City. So the one-show-only Jan. 18 concert at the downtown Salt Palace seemed a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to some young Utah fans. They stood in line overnight to buy the $18 tickets, determined to be there if it was the last thing they ever did. Tragically, for three teenagers, it was.

Mexico, Chalma shrine crowd incident 13/02/1991

MEXICO CITY — More than 40 people
were reportedly killed and as many as 65
others injured Ash Wednesday when an
estimated 4,000 worshipers stampeded at a
popular shrine about 75 miles south of
Mexico City.
Pilgrims from throughout central and
southern Mexico had made the annual
Lenten pilgrimage to me shrine of Our
Lord of Chalma. Many believe the blackwooden crucifix icon adorning the sanctuary of the local church is miraculous.

Jikong Bridge, Shanxi Province 21/09/1991

(Created through Google Translate)

From September 21 to September 30, 1991, Shanxi Provincial People’s Government held the “Two Weeks in a Week” event in Taiyuan, the capital city of Shanxi Province, namely the Week of Friendship and Exchange of Shanxi Province, the International Drum Festival in Shanxi Province, and the Second Folk Arts Festival in Shanxi Province, China. One of the main activities of “Two Weeks a Week” is the large-scale light show of “Coal Sea Light” held in Yingze Park, which will be held from September 15 to October 31. This is also the first time that “Light of Coal Sea” was exhibited in Shanxi Province.
Lantern Exhibition has been a warm welcome, ticketing team queues in the main street Yingze. Not only Taiyuan local citizens enthusiastically watched the exhibition, and even farmers in the surrounding areas of Taiyuan came over to see the light show with their tractors. According to statistics, at the beginning of the Lantern Festival, the daily sales of tickets for the night more than 1 million, September 22 to 4 million copies, on the 23rd to 5.8 million copies, up to 24 as many as more than 64,000 copies. During this period also issued 3.09 million copies of tickets. All tickets sold without a deadline.

The evening of September 24, the number of admission lanterns as many as 50,000 people. Due to the large number of watchers, lights show site did not set sightseeing signs, flow of people in chaos. Especially in connecting the main channel between east and west of Yingze Lake Qikongqiao, is a large gradient arch bridge at the end of both ends of the east and west stand long, wide and high of 0.57 meters square stop stone pier; bridge two lighting Lights disrepair, dim light; the crowd on the bridge in the opposite direction, crowded. At around 20:30, some people were pushed down in the east of Qikongqiao and the crowd was chaotic . It is reported that due to the fact that there are more tourists on the east side of the bridge than on the west side of the bridge, the flow of people can not flow eastward, and then the bridge west is folded back. As a result, the tourists who journey eastwards in the west of the bridge again flow back to Qiaoxi. The crowd going to Sai Chung was stopped by two stop stone blocks at the bottom of the western section of the western section of Qiaoxi. Someone was tripped over and blocked the flow of people, but the people behind it were crowded by more people and flooded along the slope. Exposed or suffocated by tourists in the middle of death, or seriously injured, or died drowning.

According to ex post facto statistics, 105 people were dumped to death and 108 were crushed. Of the deaths, 27 were men and 78 were women; 23 were under 16, 65 were 17 to 59, and 17 were over 60. Among the injured, 5 were seriously injured, 18 were slightly injured and 85 were injured in general.
Afterwards, the investigation team gave a survey report that the accident occurred in three ways. One is that leading cadres are “seriously bureaucratic, irresponsible and neglecting security.” This is the main reason for the accident. The other is that the police force is not in place and 450 people are on duty in the scheme prepared in advance. However, the actual attendance of all police forces is only 311 people, nearly one-third of the police force did not arrive; Third, there is a significant security risk Lantern Exhibition, Garden does not limit the number of admission, the ticket does not limit the tour date, there is no prescribed sightseeing route. The investigation team found that “9/24 major casualty was a serious accident caused by the serious bureaucratic dereliction of duty on the part of leading cadres and the negligence of dereliction of duty by state staff.”

When he was vice governor of Shanxi Province Li Zhenhua is “two weeks a week” organizing committee chairman. March 4, 1992, Shanxi Provincial People’s Congress Standing Committee found Li Zhenhua important responsibility for the accident leadership, decided to remove the vice governor Li Zhenhua duties. Another 18 officers responsible for the accident were punished by party discipline and government

City College Celebrity Basketball crowd incident 28/12/1991

Stunned elected leaders and police, medical and City University officials began sweeping inquiries yesterday to try to explain a nightmarish stampede that left eight young people trampled or crushed to death and 29 others injured at the doorway of a City College gymnasium Saturday night at a charity basketball game featuring celebrity rap stars.


Spain, Zaragoza, Flying nightclub fire 14/01/1990

ZARAGOZA, Spain (AP) _ A fire at a discotheque Sunday sent poisonous smoke pouring into a lounge where people sat listening to music, and at least 43 people were overcome by the fumes and died, officials said.

The fumes were so strong some victims had no chance to attempt an escape and died in their seats, police said. The victims included five members of a band that was playing in the lounge and the parents and wife of one of the dead musicians.

A U.S. military base is about 10 miles west of Zaragoza, but the discotheque was not frequented by U.S. servicemen, and authorities said all the victims were local residents.

Happy Land fire 25/03/1990

The Happy Land fire was an arson fire that killed 87 people trapped in an unlicensed social club named “Happy Land”, at 1959 Southern Boulevardin the West Farms section of the Bronx in New York City on March 25, 1990

Al-Ma’aisim tunnel crowd incident 03/07/1990

About 1,400 Muslim pilgrims suffocated or were trampled to death in a pedestrian tunnel leading to the sacred city of Mecca

The incident occurred inside a 550 meter (1800 foot) long and 10 meter (35 foot) wide pedestrian tunnel (Al-Ma’aisim tunnel) leading out from Mecca towards Mina and the Plains of Arafat. The tunnel had been worked on as part of a $15 billion project around Mecca’s holy sites started two years earlier by the Saudi government.

While pilgrims were traveling to perform the Stoning of the Devil ritual at 10am that morning, the disaster started when a pedestrian bridge railing was bent, causing seven people to fall off a bridge and onto people exiting the tunnel. The tunnel’s capacity of 1,000 soon filled with up to 5,000 people. With outside temperatures of 44 °C / 112 °F, a failure of the tunnel’s ventilation system was also blamed for many of the deaths. Some witnesses claimed they believed a demonstration was occurring, others reported that the power to the tunnel was cut. Saudi officials concluded that crowd hysteria occurring from the falling pilgrims was the cause.

Many who died were of Malaysian, Indonesian and Pakistani origin. According to one Malaysian account, 80 percent of the deaths occurred outside the tunnel, and 20 percent (about 285) were inside.

Translate »