The following has been gathered from secondary websites, news and presentations.
Some of the terminology contained in the headings and body of these links is misleading. These have been taken from press articles, websites and videos. The use of the word stampede and panic is not what you will find to be the causes of the incidents shown. The information provided is reflecting the articles written and it is being left to you to interoperate what you see and read and come to your own conclusions. Please also
Argentina, Rosario nightclub fire 06/12/1979
ROSARIO, Argentina, Dec. 6 (UPI) —Fire swept through a nightclub here shortly before dawn today and killed 16 young people who sought refuge in restrooms from smoke and fire and suffocated. At least 10 people were hurt.
Most of the dead were trapped because the club’s windows were shuttered, police sources said.
The fire broke out at 5:20 A.M. in the Rilke II club in central Rosario, Argentina’s second largest city.
The police said a dozen people fled through the only door before the smoke and flames cut off that path, trapping the others in the club.
The cause of the fire was not immediately determined.
The Who concert crowd incident
Iran, Abadan terror attack 20/08/1978
killing at least 377 people in one of the worst disasters of its kind in history.
Information Minister Dariush Homayoun said the fire appeared to be one of a series violent antigovernment acts committed by “fanatics” and directed against “all signs of modern living and Westernization in Iran.”
Some diplomats held out the possibility that it could also mark the resurgence of terrorism by the Mujaheddine (People’s Strugglers), the most active of the hard-core urban guerrilla groups that were responsible for numerous bombings and assassinations in Iran a few years ago.
Leyton Orient, Orient v Chelsea - FA Cup 5th Round 25/04/1978
Footage from The Big Match of Orients scoreless draw against Chelsea in the 1978 FA Cup 5th Round. O’s went on to beat Chelsea in the replay 2-1 at Stamford Bridge. Other than the O’s turning in a sterling performance against Chelsea, the game is also remembered for a wall collapsing during the first half at Brisbane Road. Fortunatately, no one was seriously injured.
South Gate, Kentucky Supper club Nightclub fire 28/05/1977
Orginally published May 22, 2017
The Beverly Hills Supper Club.
There was nothing like it.
There still isn’t, and there likely never will be.
Perched on a hill in a most unlikely location – the otherwise buzz-free suburban community of Southgate, Kentucky — the Beverly Hills was a supernova, culturally and historically. It ruled the roost from 1971-1977.
Malaysia Selangor, Shah Alam, Batu Tiga Circuit Malaysian Grand Prix crowd incident 24/04/19771977
In 1977, an accident occured during the Malaysian Grand Prix, killing 5 children. This caused the track to be closed down, although it was re-opened after improvements of fences and guard rails were carried out.
China, Xinjiang, Cinema fire 18/02/1977
China’s worst such fire was in 1977, when 694 people died – 597 of them children – in Xinjiang.
Xinhua said the owner of the private cinema in Jiaozuo was seriously injured in the fire and was undergoing emergency surgery at a local hospital.
Eleven people were rescued from the blaze which took 90 minutes to extinguish, said the agency.
The fire also destroyed a neighbouring cinema, it said without elaborating.
There was no immediate word on the cause of the fire
Haiti Port-au-Prince Stadium, Haiti v Cuba crowd incident 06/12/1976
Port-au-Prince, Haiti; At a World Cup qualifier between Haiti and Cuba, the visitors scored and a Haitian fan set off a firecracker. Fans thought it was gunfire and panicked, knocking down a soldier, whose gun went off and killed a small boy and girl in the crowd. Further panic caused two people to be trampled to death, and one man died jumping over a wall. The soldier committed suicide.
Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon v Congo crowd incident 31/10/1976
Cameroon vs Congo
In the 1970s, Cameroon were gradually asserted themselves as a force to be reckoned with. The weight of expectation and supporters’ high spirits forced them to respond and perform accordingly, though they were up against an equally bullish Congo side who also felt they deserved to qualify for the tournament.
They locked horns in a two-leg knockout fixture, with the first game finishing 2-2 in Brazzaville. It left the encounter finely poised but the second leg in Yaounde on October 31, 1976 was abandoned.
Roger Milla broke the deadlock after just seven minutes, though Congo recovered well to going behind. Goals from Daniel Ebomoa and Jean-Jacques N’Doumba meant they had a slender advantage to protect as the second-half progressed.
However in the 82nd minute, the referee awarded Cameroon a spot-kick. The Congo goalkeeper reacted angrily to the official’s decision and personally targeted the referee, which prompted other team-mates to join him.
This was not all. Cameroonian president Ahmadou Ahidjo was watching the game on television and somehow managed to quickly scramble a helicopter and send his paratroopers to the fixture, seeking an immediate response to this incident.
Two people died in the chaos with the referee having no choice but to call the match off. Cameroon claimed their African counterparts started the ruckus, which was true, though they only helped the incident escalate dramatically.
New York, Club Puerto Rico fire 24/10/1976
Fire swept through a Bronx social club early yesterday morning, killing 25 young party‐goers and injuring 24 others who leaped from a second‐floor window—the sole means of escape from the blaze that had apparently been set in the building’s only staircase by an angry patron.
The death toll of 16 women and nine, men in the blaze, which broke out shortly after 2:30 A.M. in the Puerto Rican Social Club at 1003 Morris Avenue at East 165th Street, was the highest in a building fire here since 1958, when 27 died as a result of a fire at a textile factory at 623 Broadway.
Survivors Forced to Jump
So swiftly did the blaze spread through the 25‐foot by 50‐foot dance hall, accord ing to survivors, that there was no time for all to escape. Most of the bodies were found stacked up near the broad front windows, where the victims died of asphyxiation before they could reach the opening.
The survivors had been forced to jump, fire officials said, because a fire escape extending a short distance along one end of the window ledge was blocked by a rolling steel door, apparently installed to prevent burglaries.
Russia, Moscow, Sokolniki stadium crowd incident 10/03/1975
One of the deadliest tragedies involving a hockey game occurred on March 10, 1975.
It happened 41 years ago and much of it was clouded in mystery until recently. This happened at the height of the cold war era. The 1972 Summit Series was still very fresh in the memories of hockey fans.
Barrie Colts had just won the Wrigley National Midget Hockey Tournament (later Telus Cup), Canada’s national midget ice hockey championship. Each year, the winning team represented Canada in the Soviet Union for a series of games against their elite teams
In 1975 Barrie Colts went over to the Soviet Union where they played a six-game exhibition series. Several of these games was against the Soviet U-18 team.
Port Chester, New York Gulliver's nightclub fire 10/06/1974
On June 30, 1974, a fire killed 24 show-goers and wounded 19 fans and 13 firefighters at Gulliver’s (777 West Putnam Avenue, Port Chester, NY).
200 came to see The Creation which featured future Kiss drummer Eric Carr (birthday today). He was among the last to escape and live.
His bandmate lead singer George Chase died. He had announced there was a fire at 1 am and stayed behind to help fans escape. Keyboardist Damon De Feis also died.
Patrons on the sunken dance floor were suddenly surrounded with smoke and the lights went out. Many were unable to get up the stairs where most died.
London, White City Stadium, David Cassidy concert crowd incident 26/05/1974
Egypt, Cairo, Zamalek Stadium crowd incident 17/02/1974
A stampede occurred on 17 February 1974 when fans were crushed before the kick-off of a football friendly match at the Zamalek Stadium in Cairo between Zamalek of Egypt and Dukla Prague of Czechoslovakia.
The total death toll is reported variously as 48, 49, or 50;50 more were injured during this event.
Following a change of venue for the match, many supporters thought they would not be able to enter the newly chosen stadium, as the previously intended venue, Nasser Stadium, was much larger. There was a stampede, the walls crumbled, and many people were left dead. According to reports, up to 80,000 people tried to access the stadium, despite the capacity at the time being just 40,000
Link to en.wikipedia.org article
Isle of Man, Summerland fire 02/08/1973
This devastating fire ripped through a leisure centre in the Isle of Man, killing 50 people and seriously injuring a further 80.
Opened with much fanfare a little more than two years earlier on 25 May 1971, the £2m climate-controlled building boasted restaurants and bars, an indoor heated swimming pool, saunas, a children’s theatre and an underground disco. It was billed as the most innovative indoor entertainment centre in the world and could house up to 10,000 tourists. However, the building’s exterior and interior were designed by different architects, resulting in significant fire risks that went unnoticed.
About 3,000 people were inside the complex when the blaze began, caused by a match discarded by three boys smoking in an outside kiosk.
Louisiana, New Orleans Upstairs Bar fire 24/06/1973
The UpStairs Lounge
The UpStairs Lounge was, much like the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Fla., a haven for its local gay community, and, in 1973, having a place to socialize without fear was deeply important, even on liberal Bourbon Street in New Orleans. But it, too, became an unsafe place in an instant.
The lounge entered a notorious set of history books for becoming the site of New Orleans’ deadliest fire in nearly 200 years, and — until June 12, 2016 — was considered the largest mass killing of LGBT people in American history. On the night of June 24, 1973, someone started a fire in a stairwell leading to the UpStairs Lounge, and those flames claimed the lives of 32 people. No no one was ever prosecuted for the crime.
Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Blue Bird Café fire 01/09/1972
On the evening of Friday, September 1, 1972, the beginning of the Labour Day weekend, more than 200 people were at the bar celebrating. Around 10:45 PM, three young men (initial reports said four) were refused entry to the upstairs bar, as they appeared excessively intoxicated. Upset by this, Gilles Eccles, James O’Brien and Jean-Marc Boutin set a fire on the staircase that served as the only regular entrance or exit for the Wagon Wheel’s customers. “It was either a Molotov cocktail or gasoline spread on the stairs and then ignited,” said Montreal Police Inspector Armand Chaille. The entire bar was in flames within a few minutes, according to police.
With the primary escape route blocked by the fire advancing upward toward the crowded bar, its patrons sought out other exits. However, conflicting city building codes and fire regulations had left the upstairs bar with too few fire exits for its capacity of patrons. With the bar’s main exit aflame and its sole fire exit blocked, patrons were forced to use one of two escape routes: either through the kitchen onto a folding fire escape (the emergency exit was chained) or by climbing through a window in the women’s restroom and dropping some 20 feet onto a parked car. While it was originally reported that 42 people had died, later investigation determined that 37 people succumbed and perished as smoke and fire overtook the bar.
At its peak, the fire was fought by more than 50 firefighters. Five firefighters would be injured by smoke inhalation before the fire was declared out. At the time, the wearing of self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) was a relatively new practice and not as common among firefighters as it is today.
The fire was brought under control by 2:30 a.m., and extinguished by daybreak. With the fire out, recovery operations commenced. Police and firefighters found bodies in the washrooms, huddled in a corner that had no exit, and jammed in a rear section of the club close to a back entrance.
Link to en.wikipedia.org article
Japan, Osaka, Seven Story Store fire 13/05/1972
The fire started at 22:27 in the third floor, where women’s dresses were sold. The cause of the fire was said to be a cigarette butt or a smouldering match left behind by a construction worker. Immediate attempts to extinguish the fire failed. The fire department was informed of the fire at 22:40 and started firefighting at 22:43. By that time, the third and fourth floors were fuming black smoke. Women’s dresses for sale caught fire and helped spread the fire. The four floors from the second to the fifth were ablaze.
Poisonous gas resulting from burning construction materials filled the stairway and caused the majority of casualties. The loss was exacerbated by the locked exits in the cabaret. When elevators ceased to function, the situation turned into a mass panic. Twenty-four people attempted to escape by jumping out of windows, of whom 22 fell to their deaths. Ninety-six were found dead inside the cabaret. The fire was brought under control the next day and finally extinguished on the third day. Of the dead, 93 suffered carbon monoxide poisoning, three died from compression injuries in the chest and abdomen (meaning that they were probably trampled to death), and 22 died from jumping. Of the injured, 27 were firemen.
Ibrox stadium crowd incident
Brazil, Salvador stadium crowd incident 04/03/1971
March 4, 1971 — Salvador, Brazil; A fight and a wild rush broke out in the grandstands, killing four and injuring 1,500.
France, St. Laurent-du-Pont Cinq, September Club fire 01/11/1970
A fire at a nightclub in France has killed 142 people, most of them teenagers.
The club, a mile from the town of St Laurent du Pont, near Grenoble, was packed with revellers when the fire started at around 0145 local time (0045 GMT).
A fire department spokesman said the partly-wooden building “went up like a box of matches” and the victims perished within 10 minutes.